Group comparisons: imaging the aging brain.

Samanez-Larkin, GR, D’Esposito.  2008.  Group comparisons: imaging the aging brain., 2008 Sep. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 3(3):290-297.


With the recent growth of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), scientists across a range of disciplines are comparing neural activity between groups of interest, such as healthy controls and clinical patients, children and young adults and younger and older adults. In this edition of Tools of the Trade, we will discuss why great caution must be taken when making group comparisons in studies using fMRI. Although many methodological contributions have been made in recent years, the suggestions for overcoming common issues are too often overlooked. This review focuses primarily on neuroimaging studies of healthy aging, but many of the issues raised apply to other group designs as well.



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